Archive for January 2009

Judges 1

Judges 1:1-5 Now it came about after the death of Joshua that the sons of Israel inquired of the LORD, saying, “Who shall go up first for us against the Canaanites, to fight against them?” 2 And the LORD said, “Judah shall go up; behold, I have given the land into his hand.” 3 Then Judah said to Simeon his brother, “Come up with me into the territory allotted me, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I in turn will go with you into the territory allotted you.” So Simeon went with him. 4 And Judah went up, and the LORD gave the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hands; and they defeated ten thousand men at Bezek. 5 And they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek and fought against him and they defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites.

Introduction to Judges

The title of the book, Judges (“shophetim”), is derived from the type of government or leadership which dominated the tribes of Israel in the interval between the death of Joshua and to the establishment of the monarchy. Although it is widely believed that Samuel wrote Judges, the author of the book is anonymous. The timeframe of the book of Judges is from the death of Joshua to the death of Samson (ca. 1379-1075 B.C.). The book chronicles Israel’s unfaithfulness and general spiritual degeneracy during the time frame before the monarchy.